What are Swarovski® Crystals made from?
Swarovski® crystals are man-made gems manufactured in Austria. In 1892, Daniel Swarovski® invented the machine for making precision-cut, beautiful, high-quality Swarovski® Crystal and they have been manufactured for five generations by firing a combination of natural minerals, quartz sand and lead oxide (0.009%) which produces crystal lead glass. The crystals are then cooled, to avoid stress and imperfections and then precision cut using Swarovski® advance advanced crystal-cutting and polishing technology, which creates, to their flawless finish.
Genuine Swarovski® Crystals
There are several ways to tell if the crystals you have received are genuine Swarovski®
1. Swarovski® crystals have a brilliant shine that is far superior to the shine of an imitation crystal.
2. Each Swarovski® crystal is identical in size and cut since it is machine-made.
3. All facets of the Swarovski® crystal meet and point upwards.
4. Crystals of the same colour family are identical.
5. Scratches on the surface of the crystal or an oily sheen are indicative of an imitation crystal.
6. There should be no bubbles inside the crystal.
At Bring on the Bling, we specialise in the distribution of Swarovski® Xirius and Xilion Rose Flatback Crystals.
Xirius Rose refers to the cut of the crystal. The exceptional sparkle and light refraction of the XIRIUS Rose are evident to the naked eye and according to Swarovski® Light-Point-Scintillation measurements, this crystal shows an optimized light point distribution when compared to other products. It is available in ss12-ss40 sizes only. This is the most popular cut of crystal in the flatback range covering these sizes
Xilion Rose refers to the cut of the crystal. Xilion Rose has similar features to the Xirius Rose, with a slightly different cut. It is available in the same colour range as Xilion Rose and available in sizes ss5-ss10 Xilion Rose is the most popular cut of crystals in the flatback range covering the smaller sizes.
What does ss mean?
SS refers to “Stone Size”. It is followed by a number code, which relates to a size in millimetres. Please refer to our Size Chart to find specifications of each crystal
Flatback crystals have a faceted face on one side of the crystal with an opposite flatback. Flatback crystals generally have a foiled backing. Flatback crystals are available in a range of shapes and sizes, the most popular being the circular flatback.
Non Hotfix Crystals
Non Hotfix crystals do not contain hotfix adhesive on the crystal backing and therefore are required to be attached to a surface with an appropriate adhesive. Non Hotfix crystals are available in foiled and un-foiled varieties.
Hotfix Crystals contain a glue backing that requires heat to melt. Hotfix crystals can be applied using an iron (with the steam turned off) however Bring on the Bling recommends a hotfix applicator tool be used when applying crystals to fabrics.
Foil Backed Crystals
Foil backing acts like a mirror, which enables light to pass through the crystal glass and reflect from the foil backing. This creates a sparkly diamond-like effect to the crystal.
Unfoiled Crystals are useful when applying crystals to netting or fabrics where the foil may be visible through the material. Unfoiled crystals are used less commonly in embellishment and are therefore only available in a limited range. These crystals can be transparent or a solid colour.